Volume of Foreign Exchange Market

The Volume of Foreign Exchange Market Transactions

The FX market is one amongst the largest markets in the world, with $6.6 trillion in trade daily. The top-tier interbank market does account for 51% of the global market’s transactions. This market is dominated by large multinational corporations that must hedge their risks and pay their employees in different countries. Some retail market makers also participate.

Global foreign exchange market turnover reached $6.6 trillion per day in April 2019

The amount of money that exchanges hands on the international currency exchange market each day has reached staggering proportions. As of April 2019, the total turnover on the foreign exchange market has reached $6.6 trillion per day. The dollar makes up half of this total, while the euro makes up a further quarter. China’s renminbi, on the other hand, accounts for only 0.5% of the total turnover.

The amount of money changing hands in the FX market is growing rapidly. The average daily turnover on spot trades has risen by over $325 billion in the last three years. However, the share of spot trades in the total market has fallen. This is because FX swaps have gained market share in recent years. In April 2019, FX swaps accounted for nearly half of the total market turnover. In addition, more of the activity takes place in a few major hubs. In April 2019, there was 79 percent of all FX transactions in the top five centers.

The US dollar is still the most-traded and dominant currency in the world, accounting for 88 percent of all FX transactions. The euro’s share rose to 33 percent, up from 31 percent three years ago, and the yen’s share fell 5 percentage points to 17 percent. In fact, the euro is now the third most active currency after the US dollar.

The concentration of trading in EUR/USD

The concentration of trading in EUR/USD on the foreign exchange market is a recent phenomenon. It can be attributed to several factors. Increased use of FX swaps, which can be used for bank liquidity management and hedging foreign currency portfolios, and the growth of prime brokerage have all boosted trading and contributed to the concentration of trading in a handful of financial hubs.

The most active trading period for the EUR/USD pair is the European/U.S. session crossover when volatility is highest. This overlap in trading hours requires market participants from the U.S. to rise early in order to keep up with the GBP/JPY market hours. This can result in exhaustion and poor judgment.


The USD/JPY foreign exchange market, is one of the most volatile currency pairs on the market. Its fluctuating value reflects the number of Japanese Yen needed to purchase a single US dollar. A wide range of political and economic factors play a role in the fluctuation of this pair.

The USD/JPY is one amongst the most active currency pairs, with a daily turnover of over $900 billion. This makes it the second most traded currency pair in the world after the EUR/USD. It accounts for 17.7% of the overall forex market. The USD/JPY is particularly sensitive to economic data released by the Bank of Japan and the US, as well as to central bank policy decisions.

While the Japanese yen is a safe haven currency, a rise in its value will negatively affect the USD/JPY exchange rate. Traders in Asia typically react to this by buying or selling yen, which may impact the USD/JPY quotes. However, it’s important to remember that the yen is traded in high volumes due to its low-interest rates. In addition, the BoJ has been purchasing a substantial volume of yen to boost inflation and increase the money supply. This also makes the yen more difficult to trade.

While USD/JPY foreign exchange market volume is usually high, it is important to note that the market volume is typically higher during peak market hours (12:00 to 15:00 GMT). While USD/JPY trading is not a low-risk currency, it’s important to remember that you need to time your trades well and profit from small movements. As with any trading activity, you need to close your positions at some point. It’s best to aim for short-term positions and to exit a position before the JPY weakens.

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